The picturesque and incredible Jaunpur is a city located towards the northwestern side of another glorious district called Varanasi. The great history of Jaunpur dates back to the year 1388, when Feroz Shah Tughlaq, the great Sultan of Delhi had authorized Malik Sarwar, a eunuch, as the governor of the region. The district was reinforced into British India and was liable to the Zamindari system of land revenue collection.
Jaunpur, formerly called Shiraz-e-Hind, was constructed in 1359. Feroz Shah Tughlaq, the Sultan of Delhi, laid the first stone of the town to honor Muhammad bin Tughlaq, his cousin, who was born Jauna Khan. Malik Sarwar, who was believed to have been the fanatic of his daughter, the governor of the Jaunpur province in 1388. To put a verge to the unrest in the Sultanate, Malik Sarwar and his adopted son, Mubarak Shah, established the Sharqi dynasty. It expanded into a dominant military troop during this period, and the Delhi Sultanate was repeatedly jeopardized by this strength. The Sharqi dynasty attained its zenith under the supremacy of Mubarak Shah’s younger brother, Shams-Ud-Din Ibrahim Shah. His kingdom stretched from Bihar in the east to Kanauj in the west, and he ruled between 1402 and 1440. Shams-Ud-din Ibrahim Shah ambushed the Delhi Sultanate and the Sultanate of Bengal during his lifetime. After Ibrahim Shah’s death, his son, Mahmud Shah ascended the throne, and his reign lingered from 1440 to 1452. Muhammad Shah, the son of Mahmud Shah, took over as the ruler of the city, but after he had killed his brother Hasan, his younger brother, Hussain Shah killed him in retaliation. Hussain Shah ruled from 1456 to 1476. As Hussain had a massive army, he led three assaults on Delhi but was thwarted each time. The Delhi Sultanate under Sikander Lodi finally conquered Jaunpur in 1493, giving rise to an end to the Sultanate. Under British rule, the city was absorbed by the empire and continued a part of it until India became a free civilization.
All the historic & worth-seeing locations have their own extraordinary dignity. The major ones among these are:
Atala Masjid , is one of the major Tourist Attractions in Jaunpur. The mosque conveys the indication of the periods in which it was built. In proliferation to this, the Atala Masjid, Jaunpur is a valuable illustration of mosques, not only in Uttar Pradesh but furthermore in India.
The Jaunpuri Atala Masjid was fabricated by Sultan Ibrahim. However the emergence of this mosque dates back to 1377 A.D., the construction work was finished off in the year 1408.
The chief characteristic of Atala Masjid, Jaunpur is that in spite of standing a mosque and that too, built by the Muslims rulers, the Masjid shows a lot of impacts of Hindu architecture. In fact, there is an evident resemblance of Hindu tone of architecture, in the entire Masjid. The explanation for such resemblance is due to the fact that the Atala Masjid,is positioned on the location of a Temple of Atala Devi. Hence the Atala Masjid, Jaunpur again gets its name from this Hindu Temple. The main portico of Atala Masjid in Jaunpur, India has an elegant arch. Inside, there is an enormous hall, which is the central prayer room. The three domes of the Atala Masjid, Jaunpur vary in size. The ‘mihrab’, the adornments of the devotion room as well as the two-tiered hallways are the additional features of Jaunpur Atala Masjid, which are striking. Atala Masjid in Jaunpur is open for its devotees from 7.30 in the dawn till 8.00 at dusk. Moreover, special prayers are held every Friday.
The ancient city of Jaunpur is tracked down on the banks of the river Gomati. Out of all the places the one that truly stands out from the rest is the Shahi Bridge, Jaunpur.
Shahi Bridge, Jaunpur was constructed in the year 1568 by Munim Khan. Munim Khan was authorized the Governor of Jaunpur in 1567 by the great Emperor named Akbar. Munim Khan intended at renovating and reconstructing a considerable number of buildings that were demolished by the Lodis. He established a personal illustration by commissioning a number of civic structures around the town so as to facilitate the building of civic conveniences by his aristocrats. One such example was the Shahi Bridge in India and it was one of the most crucial, noteworthy and panoramic Mughal structures in the city.
Shahi Bridge, is constructed across the Gomati river. The Shahi Bridge, Uttar Pradesh comprises ten arched openings that are assisted on vast and enormous pylons. There is a supplementary expansion of five arches that were built so as to cover the diverted inlet. The bridge originally possessed a hammam (public bath house) at the northern edge, but it is no longer habituated and is perpetually closed. To provide senses on the bridge so that people can halt and glare at the flowing river below, Chhatris were assembled which lined both flanks of the bridge. In the year 1847, the Collector expanded these to the bridge. Each and every Chhatri lines up with a pylon below. These chhatris endeavor beyond the bridge and are given support below by brackets that transport the pressure to the pylons. The pylons are elongated and extended hexagons in plan with the longer sides supporting the bridge and then there are the skewed sides that support the chhatris above. For staving off the pylons from seeming like some substantial mass that has arisen from the river, there were suspended and adjourned rectangular niches with blind arches built on the crooked sides of the pylons.
Jaunpur is a city in Uttar Pradesh which is known for its mosques. Much of this recognition is owing to the condition of Jami Masjid in Jaunpur, India. Hence, due to an influx of a huge number of visitors, Jaunpur Jami Masjid has become one of the prominent Tourist Attractions in history.
The Jami Masjid, Jaunpur (well- known as the ‘Jama Masjid, Jaunpur’ or the ‘Bari Masjid’) was built in the year 1470, under the latter ruler of the Sharqi Dynasty, called Hussain Shah. According to the chroniclers and other experts, the Jami Masjid, Jaunpur pays a great deal of resemblance in history with those mosques that were built during the supremacy of Firoz Shah Tughlaq of the Tughlaq Dynasty of Delhi Sultanate.
The magnificent impression of Jama Masjid at Jaunpur is exacerbated by a number of factors. The entire structure of Jami Masjid, Jaunpur struts on a plinth that is six meters high. The double arched, pylon-shaped door at the foyer illustrates a majestic sight to the bystanders. The long walks leading to the front gate is likewise a good view. The central portal lies in the focal point of the facade and prevails about 26 meters tall and measures nearly 24 meters at the base. This was again a distinct feature of the mosques built by the Sharqis. The feature which can be exclusively traced in Jami Masjid, Jaunpur is a huge rectangular hall meant for prayers. This hall is flanked by tunnel vaults on its either sides and is also wrapped by a dome, measuring 11.4 meters in diameter. There are small windows in the dome that enable sunlight to enter into the core of the Jami Masjid, Jaunpur, thus creating a spectacular sight. Another attribute of Jama Masjid that any of the other Holy Places will find overwhelming to match, are the gorgeous embellishments that are visible on the walls on the interior and the exterior parts of the mosque. Special prayers are held on Friday of each week.
4.Trilochan Mahadev Temple
Jaunpur is a city in Uttar Pradesh that has made a remarkable name for itself, in the Uttar Pradesh Tourist Guide. The city stakes its rich association with the chronology of medieval India; especially during the time of the Delhi Sultanate. Such ancient linkage has stemmed from the emergence of a number of Tourist Attractions in Jaunpur, one of the most considerable among which is the Trilochan Mahadev Temple.
The Tughlaq Dynasty in Delhi and more greatly Firoz Shah Tughlaq, bears the glory of building some of the excellent mosques in and around the city of Jaunpur. Later, the Sharqi Dynasty ascertained their rule in this region and expanded the architectural demonstrations that had been earlier put ahead by the Tughlaqs. They did so by putting into the list of gorgeous mosques that were characterized by their artistic beauty and exquisite craftsmanship. The Trilochan Mahadev Temple in Jaunpur, India is one of such illustrations.
Positioned about 40 kilometers away from the city of Jaunpur, the Temple of Trilochan Mahadev has been a historical place for worship of the Hindus. The Jaunpur Trilochan Mahadev Temple is devoted to Lord Shiva. In addition to this, the Trilochan Mahadev Temple, Jaunpur also has other places of attention like the Sheetla Chaukiya Dham and the Yamdagni Ashram in its vicinity.
5.Khalis Mukhlis Masjid
Jaunpur is a city in Uttar Pradesh which has gained ample abundance of popularity and history for its mosques among which, the Khalis Mukhlis Masjid, Jaunpur needs a remark. Hence, due to an incursion of a vast number of tourists, Jaunpur Khalis Mukhlis Masjid has become one of the supreme Tourist Attractions in Jaunpur.
The Khalis Mukhlis Masjid in Jaunpur, India is remembered to have been built by and during the reign of Sultan Ibrahim in 1470 A.D. The sultan named the Masjid after his general administrators, Malik Khalid and Malik Mukhlis.
The Jaunpur Khalis Mukhlis Masjid has a number of features, which are similar to that of the Atala Masjid, Jaunpur. Though, the Masjid of Khalis Mukhlis at Jaunpur is smaller in terms of bulks and structure. This is clearly obvious from the pylon and both internal as well as the external emblems of the mosque.
Although small in stature, the Khalis Mukhlis Masjid, still captivates the numerous tourists who come from all over the world in order to pay a visit to the holy shrine. The special prayers that are held on Friday of every week are known to provide ultimate peace of mind and hence are a prominent attraction for the visitors.
Jaunpur tourism is crammed with numerous fascinating monuments, museums and sacred spots that tempt thousands of travelers every year from all corners of the nation. There are many ancient locations and worth-seeing lookouts in the district, amongst which structures of the Sharki period; Shahi Bridge created by Akbar; and Sheetla Chaukia Dham are the prominent allures of visitors. You must visit the famous allures to appreciate the beauty of Indian Heritage and Culture.